For many years, the main approach to detoxification involved suppression of withdrawal with methadone and gradual reduction of the methadone dose. The use of methadone in this way has been limited by government restrictions on prescription of methadone and dislike of the drawn-out nature of methadone withdrawal. Clonidine and similar medications (known as alpha-adrenergic agonist. Search date The evidence is current to November 2015. Study characteristics We identified 26 randomised controlled trials (clinical studies where people are randomly put into one of two or more treatment groups), involving 1728 -adrenergic agonists. Treatment was scheduled to last for one to two weeks in most studies; the shortest duration was three days, and the longest was 30 days. Six studies received some financial support from a pharmaceutical company. One of the most persistent worries about detoxing from opioids is the discomfort of withdrawal symptoms. Body aches and pains, nausea, insomnia, and other symptoms can make it challenging for an individual to maintain abstinence long enough to fully eliminate the drug from the body, increasing the chance that the person will not complete treatment. To help avoid this problem, people often look to medicines to minimize withdrawal symptoms. Clonidine is one such medication that is used by treatment professionals to ease the discomfort of detox and give those who are struggling with opioid abuse a better chance at achieving recovery. According to Mental Health Daily, clonidine was originally developed as a nasal decongestant. After a while, it was found that it did better at helping to treat high blood pressure, and it largely became marketed for that. Then, after a number of years, doctors began using the medicine for off-label applications that it seemed to help with.
Opioid drugs – tolerance, withdrawal, neuroadaptation. 6. Clonidine, a centrally acting alpha-2 agonist, to reduce sympathetic overactivity. These drugs can cause physical dependence. This means that a person relies on the drug to prevent withdrawal symptoms. Over time, more of the drug is.