Est un médicament de la famille des benzodiazépines. Il est utilisé pour ses propriétés anxiolytiques, sédatives, anticonvulsivantes, et également comme hypnotique. Comme toutes les molécules appartenant à la famille des benzodiazépines, le diazépam possède également des propriétés myorelaxantes et amnésiantes. Commercialisé en 1963 sous la marque Valium par les laboratoires Hoffmann-La Roche, c'est la seconde benzodiazépine qui est apparue sur le marché des produits pharmaceutiques, après le chlordiazépoxide (Librium) en 1960. Le diazépam a eu un grand succès et est encore aujourd'hui un des tranquillisants les plus utilisés au monde. Cette molécule sert généralement de référence quant aux dosages des autres benzodiazépines. Il s'agit d'une molécule aux propriétés particulièrement puissantes et à la demi-vie longue (32 à 47 heures Comme la plupart des benzodiazépines, le diazépam est un activateur allostérique des récepteurs aux benzodiazépines (BZD), complexe protéique en relation avec les récepteurs du GABA. Despite the controversies surrounding the risks and benefits, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is the mainstay of treatment in this condition and is discussed under the section so titled (1,4). The following can be used as alternative therapies to HRT in the management of symptoms of menopause: The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions Ltd® receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence. GPnotebook stores small data files on your computer called cookies so that we can recognise you and provide you with the best service. If you do not want to receive cookies please do not use GPnotebook.
Luckily, there are several treatment options for hot flashes. Your choices range from medications and herbal supplements to lifestyle changes. Keep reading to learn about remedies you can use to help stay cool. Traditionally, the most effective treatment for hot flashes has been estrogen supplementation. It’s often referred to as hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Estrogen may be taken alone or in combination with progesterone. Women who’ve had a hysterectomy may be able to safely take estrogen alone, while all other women using HRT should take estrogen and progesterone together. Expert reviewer, Miss Shirin Irani, Consultant Gynaecologist Next review due February 2021 The menopause is the time when a woman stops having periods, and she’s no longer able to get pregnant. It’s common to have symptoms such as hot flushes, night sweats and mood changes when you go through the menopause. The average age for women to reach the menopause in the UK is 51, but this can vary widely. The menopause happens when your ovaries run out of eggs, or stop producing eggs. So when they stop working, there’s a drop in your blood level of this hormone. This change disrupts your periods and causes the symptoms of the menopause. If you’re going through the menopause and are having troublesome symptoms, there’s a lot you can do to help yourself. And treatments are available which will help ease your symptoms; so if you’re concerned, speak to your pharmacist or GP. You’re said to have reached the menopause if you haven’t had a period for at least a year. For a few years before the menopause, your periods may become irregular, happening more or less often than they used to. This stage is called the perimenopause (or menopausal transition) and can last for about four years or sometimes longer.
Provincial Health Services Authority (PHSA) improves the health of British Columbians by seeking province-wide solutions to specialized health care needs in collaboration with BC health authorities and other partners. Women experiencing menopause may have questions about the safety and cancer risks of using hormone therapy or other treatments, to control menopause symptoms. Women who have had breast cancer might wonder if the use of hormone therapies could affect the risk of recurrence. These recommendations are about menopause symptoms in general, and are not about "early menopause," which is experienced when treatment for cancer stops a woman's period before it would have stopped on its own. Symptoms of early menopause may be managed in a similar way. The BC Cancer Breast Tumour Group does not recommend hormone therapy to relieve menopause symptoms for women who have had breast cancer. Other options to relieve symptoms should be tried first. -adrenergic agonist, has been shown to ameliorate hot flushes by decreasing noradrenergic activity in the blood vessels. The effectiveness of low doses of oral clonidine in reducing the number of episodes, duration, and intensity of menopausal flushes was evaluated in 25 Chinese women. The 15 menopausal women in the treatment group (mean age, 49.8 ± 1.4 years) took one 25-μg tablet of clonidine twice daily for 3 weeks. If symptoms did not improve after 1 week, the dose was increased to 2 tablets twice daily and then to 2 tablets three times daily. The 10 menopausal patients in the control group (mean age, 47.1 ± 2.3 years) took no medication. The frequency, duration, and intensity of hot flushes were significantly decreased after the second week of clonidine treatment. Neither blood pressure nor pulse rate changed significantly during clonidine therapy. Only one patient each reported nausea, dizziness, and dry mouth, and these side effects disappeared spontaneously during the treatment period.
Clonidine, sold as the brand name Catapres among others, is a medication used to treat high. Clonidine can also be used for migraine headaches and hot flashes associated with menopause. Clonidine has also been used to treat refractory. The 15 menopausal women in the treatment group mean age, 49.8 ± 1.4 years took one 25-μg tablet of clonidine twice daily for 3 weeks. If symptoms did not.